The group has met several times since its inception 20 years ago and several Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) have been signed to facilitate cooperation in the areas of connectivity, energy transfer, tourism, counter-terrorism and the “blue economy” (or ocean economy). The region has 14 priority areas of interest: trade and investment, transport and communications, energy, tourism, technology, fisheries, agriculture, public health, cross-border crime, the environment, counter-terrorism, natural disaster management, cultural and intercultural contacts and climate change. The signing of a free trade agreement (FTA) whose negotiations began as early as 2004 could help strengthen cooperation in these priority areas. However, even after 20 rounds of negotiations, the free trade agreement still needs to be signed by all BIMSTEC members. International investment agreements (AI) are divided into two types: (1) bilateral investment agreements and (2) investment contracts. A bilateral investment agreement (ILO) is an agreement between two countries to promote and protect investments made by investors from the countries concerned in the territory of the other country. The vast majority of IDu are bits. The category of contracts with investment rules (TIPs) includes different types of investment contracts that are not BITs. There are three main types of TIPs: 1) global economic contracts that contain commitments that are often included in ILOs (. B, for example, a free trade agreement with an investment chapter); 2. contracts with limited investment provisions (for example. B, investment creation or free transfer of investment-related funds; and 3) contracts that contain only “framework clauses,” such as.
B on investment cooperation and/or a mandate for future investment negotiations. In addition to IDAMIT, there is also an open category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It includes various binding and non-binding instruments, such as model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations and others. While BIMSTEC countries completely eliminate import duties in their trade between them (Rahman and Kim 2016), benevolent benefits are expected from Thailand, India and Bangladesh. The largest increases will be in India, Thailand and Bangladesh. However, Sri Lanka and Nepal are expected to suffer activities and others will also lose due to trade diversion and the impact of unfavourable terms of trade. [viii] India`s trade with the other six BIMSTEC countries increased by 0.62% compared to intra-BIMSTEC trade, with an annual growth rate of 10.4%. Indian imports from other BIMSTEC countries also increased by 5.4% per year. [iv] There is no consensus in several areas, including ways to reduce and eliminate tariffs, rules of origin criteria, customs operations and negotiations on services and investment agreements, he said. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is a unique cooperation to strengthen sub-regional cooperation between Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Nepal, Bhutan and India.