New Zealand Technology Safeguards Agreement

“The development of a New Zealand space industry is another exciting opportunity for our country,” says McCully. “These agreements will ensure that New Zealand is well positioned to be a responsible and trusted participant in the global space industry.” On June 16, 2020, the United States and the United Kingdom entered into the Agreement on Technology Safeguards Related to U.S. Participation in Space Launches from the United Kingdom or the Technology Guarantee Agreement (TSA) between the United States and the United Kingdom. After its entry into force, this Agreement establishes the technical security measures necessary to support US space launches from the United Kingdom, while ensuring the proper management of sensitive technologies, in line with our long-standing partnership and our role as founding members of the Technological Missile Control Regime (MTCR). Economic Development Minister Steven Joyce and Secretary of State Murray McCully today announced that an agreement has been reached between the New Zealand and U.S. governments on security measures related to the use of U.S. controlled missiles in New Zealand. The Technology Safeguards Agreement (TSA) is a bilateral agreement between the Government of New Zealand and the Government of the United States to enable the safe use and management of sensitive U.S. space and satellite technologies in New Zealand. SpaceQ sat down with Ken Hodgkins, formerly of the U.S.

Department of State, to discuss a possible Canada-U.S. Technology Security Agreement (TSA). “The agreement with the United States will provide a platform to build on the long-standing ties that exist between many New Zealand and U.S. technology companies. It adds an extra dimension to our close and established relationship with the United States. while protecting New Zealand`s national interests,” McCully explains. In order to begin space launch activities from New Zealand, Rocket Lab had to obtain permission from the Government of the United States of America to transfer sensitive technologies to New Zealand. The United States would only allow the transfer of this technology if New Zealand entered into a technology protection agreement with the U.S. government at the treaty level. The TSA imposes certain obligations on New Zealand regarding the safe transmission, use and management of U.S. space launch technologies.

One of the first steps in this process was to assess whether Existing New Zealand national legislation was sufficient to manage space activities or whether a new law would be needed. At the time of ratification of the UN international treaties, New Zealand politicians and legislators clearly felt that legislation was not necessary to implement them. Fifty years later, Rocket Lab`s activities clearly illustrate how technological developments have transformed the space industry and made it accessible to a wider range of participants. This necessitated a change of opinion on the need to legislate to implement the rights and obligations of the outer space treaties. It has also led New Zealand to reflect on how to ensure that legislation strikes a balance between risk management and not hindering economic development and innovation. The TSA is accompanied by an “agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of New Zealand with respect to the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of New Zealand on Technological Safeguards Related to united States Participation in New Zealand Space Launches,” which sets out the circumstances, under which the New Zealand authorities have certain jurisdiction with respect to certain TSA items. and procedures for protecting U.S. technology in these circumstances.

Today, many more players can access the space. Technological advances have enabled the production of smaller, cheaper and more efficient satellites….